900 Easton Ave., Suite 31, Somerset, NJ 08873
Periodontal disease – also known as gum disease – is a progressive disease affecting many Americans. Dr. Kosmas Kasimatis, at Smile Designs 101 in Somerset, NJ makes routine gum inspection a part of every exam. Hygienists are trained to evaluate the condition of the gums in order to catch the disease early on. Dr. Kasimatis offers comprehensive periodontal treatments to patients to keep their smiles healthy.
What is Gum Disease?
Understanding how periodontal disease develops is crucial in the fight for oral health. Gum disease occurs when our mouths are home to plaque and tartar left on teeth. Plaque eventually hardens into what is referred to as “tartar” that can only be removed by specialized dental tools during routine professional cleanings. Left alone, plaque and tartar will attack the gums, causing swelling and inflammation, even bleeding – often, the first sign that something is wrong. As gum disease progresses, your soft tissue becomes more susceptible to infection which can eventually lead to tooth loss.
Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease is often a silent disease diagnosed during routine dental exams. If you are experiencing any of the following, you may have gum disease. Signs and symptoms of gum disease include:
Prevention and Treatment
As with all diseases, the first line of defense is preventive action. In the case of gum disease, this means brushing twice a day and flossing daily to remove surface material and bacteria. But, brushing and flossing can only do so much – regular professional dental cleanings are essential to completely remove bacterial build up, plaque and tartar.
When gum disease has already taken hold, periodontal treatments can help. Depending on the severity of the disease, treatments range from non-invasive therapies, to surgical procedures. Dr. Kasimatis has the experience and skill necessary to determine which treatment meets the patient’s needs.
Treatments such as deep cleanings, scaling, and root planing clean out these pockets of bacteria, encouraging the soft tissue to heal and preventing further receding of the gums. Medications and antibiotics might be prescribed to relieve pain and discomfort, and to aid in the healing process. Dr. Kasimatis approaches each patient’s situation individually, and all treatment plans and procedures reflect their personal needs. At the end of the day, your oral health and well-being is what is important.
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